In 2007, the Chief Executive, in his Policy Address, announced the development at Lok Ma Chau Loop (the Loop) as one of the ten major infrastructure projects for economic growth. As a joint project of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government and Shenzhen Municipal Government, the Loop's development shall meet the future development needs of both cities and consolidate the strategic position of Hong Kong and Shenzhen in the Pan-Pearl River Delta region.
To facilitate this, a "Hong Kong-Shenzhen Joint Task Force on Boundary District Development" (the Joint Task Force) was set up in December 2007. At its first meeting held in March 2008, it was agreed that both sides would conduct a joint study on planning, environmental, and engineering feasibility for the development of the Loop (the joint study).
Subsequently, public engagement exercise on the possible future land uses of the Loop was held in June and July 2008 in both Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Among the public views received, higher education, research and development of new high technology and cultural and creative industries gained wide public support on both sides. Final Report of the Public Engagement Exercise undertaken in 2008 is available at http://www.pland.gov.hk/pland_en/lmc_loop/en/e_lmc_05.htm.
The Hong Kong and Shenzhen Governments subsequently signed the "Letter of Intent on the Use of Cross-boundary Land Upon Training of Shenzhen River" at the Meeting of the Joint Task Force on 27 April 2009. It was stated in the Letter of Intent that both Governments initially considered that higher education could be the leading land use in the Loop complemented with high-tech research and development facilities as well as cultural and creative industries.
In May 2009, Planning Department in association with Civil Engineering and Development Department commissioned Ove Arup and Partners Hong Kong Ltd for undertaking the "Planning and Engineering Study on Development of Lok Ma Chau
Loop – Investigation" (the Loop Study). The Loop Study
commenced on 1 June 2009, the Recommended Outline
Development Plan and final proposals of the Lok Ma Chau
Loop development were promulgated in July 2013 and the
whole Study had been completed.
The overall objective of the Loop Study is to formulate a comprehensive plan for development and implementation of the Developments and Infrastructure with a view to developing a sustainable, environmentally friendly, energy efficient and people oriented community. The Loop should be developed on the principle of mutual benefit to both Hong Kong and Shenzhen, and should provide quality environment and convenience to occupants / users.
Study Area (Figure 1)
The Study Area comprises the following three areas:
Area A – about 88ha
Area B – about 182ha
Area C – about 167ha
Area A and Area B fall within the boundary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. These two areas are covered by the Loop Study. Area C falls within the boundary of Shenzhen. A separate study for this area has been commissioned by the Shenzhen side, which has also commenced and is expected to be completed in a similar timeframe as for the Loop Study.
Site characteristics of the Loop and its surrounding land uses are:
- predominantly flat land with grass and shrubs on it;
- surrounding area on the Hong Kong side mainly rural in nature, comprising mostly wetland, natural landscape, hilly terrain, woodland, village settlements, agricultural land and fishponds;
- the Mai Po Nature Reserve (the Ramsar Site);
- the LMC Station of the LMC Spur Line and the LMC Spur Line Boundary Control Point is located in close proximity to the southwest where the Huanggang Station of Shenzhen Metro Line could be connected to the LMC Station easily via the LMC Spur Line Boundary Control Point;
- apart from the LMC Spur Line Boundary Control Point, the Loop also lies in close proximity to the Lok Ma Chau Boundary Control Point; and
- across the Shenzhen River to the north is the Futian Central Business District of Shenzhen.
Key Tasks and Outline Programme (Figure 2)
The Loop Study will be conducted in two main Stages to
facilitate a two-stage public engagement programme in parallel with the study process to ensure timely incorporation of public views in the formulation of the proposals for further investigation under a two-stage technical assessment process.