Table 1.1 : Summary of General Environmental Guidelines for Major Land Uses

[ Table Summary ]

LAND USE

ASPECT

GUILDLINES

INDUSTRY

AIR

  • Locate potentially air‑polluting industries to the west of the Territory (3.2.2 and 3.3.1)
  • Avoid locating potentially air-polluting industries in airsheds with limited air dispersive capacity or areas where air pollution is very serious (3.2.2)
  • Provide adequate buffer areas between Specified Processes, industries giving rise to dusty, odorous and gaseous emissions, and any sensitive land uses (3.3, 3.4)
  • Make full use of godowns and amenity areas for buffering against sensitive uses (3.3.2, 3.4.3 - 5)
INDUSTRY

NOISE

  • Avoid locating noise-emitting industries close to noise sensitive uses in such a way that the maximum allowable noise levels at the nearest sensitive uses are exceeded (4.2.13 - 14, 4.3)
  • Position industries such that there is no line-of-sight to major noisy activities from adjacent noise sensitive uses (4.3)
  •  If the required separation and screening between industries and sensitive uses cannot be provided, consider the feasibility of noise mitigation measures such as purpose-built noise barriers and innovative site layouts to minimise noise impacts (4.3)
INDUSTRY

WATER

  • Locate industries in areas adequately served by public foul sewerage (5.2.1)
  • In areas where no foul sewerage is available, avoid siting industrial developments that will result in effluent discharging into inland waters (5.2.1)
  • For effluent-producing industries, ensure adequate provision of suitable land and access for installation of effluent pre-treatment facilities (5.2.1 - 8)
  • Wherever possible, centralise industries of the same category to economise the provision of wastewater collection and treatment facilities (5.2.1)
INDUSTRY

WASTE

  • For industries with special requirements for waste disposal, ensure that adequate and suitably located space and access are provided for the collection, storage and transportation of waste (6.3.1 - 2)
  • Locate offensive trades in purpose-built industrial buildings within designated industrial areas and provide adequate buffer to minimise potential odour nuisance (6.3.3 - 4)

RESIDENTIAL

AIR

  • Avoid siting high-rise residential developments close to low-rise industrial developments (3.3.3, 3.4.1)
  • Ensure that adequate buffer distance and/or intervening uses are available between residential and industrial uses (2.4, 3.3.2)
RESIDENTIAL

NOISE

  • Allow no noise sensitive uses in areas within Noise Exposure Forecast (NEF) 25 for the Hong Kong International Airport (4.2.1 - 2)
  • Avoid siting residential developments close to, and with direct line-of-sight to, fixed noise sources, railways, helicopter facilities and routes and roads with heavy traffic such that the maximum noise criteria are exceeded (4.2.3 - 15)
  • If adequate buffer distance cannot be provided, adopt design guidelines to reduce noise exposure such as self-protecting building design, integrated building and noise source design, purpose-built noise barriers and acoustic insulation of buildings (4.3)
  • Avoid siting residential developments within 150m of uncovered MTR lines, 85m of KCR lines and 25m of LRT lines (4.2.10)
RESIDENTIAL

WATER

  • Locate major developments in areas which would be adequately served by existing or new public sewerage and sewage treatment facilities (5.2.4 - 8)
  • Locate residential and recreational developments away from stagnant waters, enclosed water bodies and existing water pollution black spots (5.3.7 - 8)
  • Locate residential developments away from natural streamcourses (5.3.15) 
RESIDENTIAL

WASTE

  • Ensure adequate provision of suitable space and access for waste separation and collection facilities (6.2.6 - 24)

TRANSPORT FACILITIES

AIR

  • Encourage the development and use of railways, especially in metropolitan and topographically-confined areas (3.2.3)
  • Avoid routing major trunk roads and nodes with heavy traffic through existing air pollution black spots (3.2.4)
  • Promote balanced land uses to minimise the need to travel, hence the traffic volume (2.3.2, 3.2.3 - 4)
  • Maintain a ventilation corridor for the dispersion of otherwise locally-trapped air pollutants (3.5)
TRANSPORT FACILITIES

NOISE

  • Avoid road alignments that would create excessive noise levels at adjacent noise sensitive uses (4.2.5 - 8)
  • Ensure that noise levels at sensitive uses due to rail lines, roadways, aircraft and helicopter movements do not exceed acceptable limits and that adequate separation is provided (4.2.1 - 13)

GOVERNMENT/ INSTITUTION/ COMMUNITY USES

AIR

  • For sensitive GIC uses such as schools and hospitals etc., avoid locating developments in existing pollution black spots or sites that are subject to direct impingement of air discharge plumes (2.4, 3.3, 3.4.1 - 2)
  • For potentially polluting GIC uses such as markets and refuse collection points etc., provide adequate buffering against sensitive uses and ensure that the site layout does not restrict local air circulation (3.3.6 - 9, 3.5) 
GOVERNMENT/ INSTITUTION/ COMMUNITY USES

WATER AND WASTE

  • Ensure adequate provision of suitable land and vehicular access for refuse transfer stations, public filling barging points and refuse collection points (6.2)
  • For GIC uses with special requirements for waste disposal, ensure adequate provision of suitable land and access for collection, treatment and transportation of liquid and solid wastes and provide adequate buffer zones to minimise nuisances (6.4.1 - 4)
GOVERNMENT/ INSTITUTION/ COMMUNITY USES

NOISE

  • For noise-generating activities, ensure that there is no direct line-of-sight to noise sources from noise sensitive uses and that adequate buffering and screening are provided (4.2.14 - 15)
  • Allow no noise sensitive developments within NEF 25 for the Hong Kong International Airport (4.2.1-2 )
  • Make full use of noise-tolerant GIC uses such as multi-storey carparks and markets etc. as screening structures (4.2.14, 4.3.7)

SLAUGHTERHOUSES

AIR AND NOISE

  • Avoid siting this facility within a distance of 300m of sensitive uses and commercial areas for slaughterhouses with a rendering plant and within a distance of 200m for slaughterhouses without a rendering plant (3.3.5)

WATER AND WASTE

  • Ensure adequate provision of suitable space and access for the collection, storage, transportation and/or pre-treatment of waste and wastewater arising from the operations (6.4.2)

COMMERCIAL

AIR AND NOISE

  • Avoid siting commercial developments in areas where the traffic generated will cause adverse air pollution and noise impacts on nearby sensitive uses (3.3.2, 4.2.5 - 8)
COMMERCIAL

NOISE

  • Avoid locating offices within NEF 30 for the Hong Kong International Airport unless buildings are insulated (4.2.1 - 2)
  • Make full use of insulated office blocks as noise screening structures (4.3.3 - 7)
COMMERCIAL

WASTE

  • Ensure adequate provision of suitable space and access for waste separation, collection and transportation facilities (6.2.14)

OPEN SPACE

AIR

  • Avoid locating active recreation activities within 20m of trunk roads and primary distributors, 10m of district distributors, and 5m of local distributors (3.4.3 - 5)
  • Active recreation activities within 50 - 100m of an industrial area need special consideration (3.4.3 - 5)
OPEN SPACE

NOISE

  • Make use of earth berms wherever practicable in passive recreation areas as noise screening structures to minimise noise impact from roads and rail lines (4.3.8)

ALL USES

WASTE

  • Avoid siting developments in close proximity to landfill sites, unless suitable precautionary measures are taken for potential hazard of landfill gas migration (6.5)

     Note : Figures in brackets refer to sections of this chapter in which detailed descriptions are given.

 

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  2005 Copyright Important notices  Last revision date : May 2014