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Chapter 3 : Community Facilities

  1. A wide range of community facilities is necessary to maintain an appropriate standard of living. Their provision are based on the growth or concentration of population in the area served.

  1. The standards and guidelines for various community facilities are summarized in the following tables. Other community facilities not specified below are to be determined by consultation with relevant departments/organisations.


Table 1 : Sensitive Community Facilities

Facility

Locational Factors

Public Consultation

Group A

Facilities of territorial importance serving the wider public but not specific client users and who would not require frequent services of the facilities: these facilities include correctional facilities, public mortuaries, funeral depots and parlours.

  • Land use compatibility
  • Nature of services and target users
  • Public reactions to the facility
  • Normally require stand-alone sites
  • Preferably not be directly next to residential development and non-sensitive community facilities
  • Buffer areas with physical barriers should be provided if necessary
  • The accessibility and the transport needs of staff, users and visitors should be considered
  • Consult Home Affairs Department and the respective District Office to formulate a public consultation strategy at early stage
  • The scope of consultation should be wide enough to allow relevant parties to be informed and to make comments
  • The concept of community integration for Group B facilities should be stressed during consultation
  • All comments raised during consultation should be properly responded to
  • Proper records of the public consultation should be kept for necessary follow-up actions

Group B

Facilities of more local or district significance serving specific client users who would require frequent services of the facilities: these facilities include special medical and health clinics, education facilities and social welfare services such as hostels and day centres for discharged mental patients and severely mentally handicapped persons.

  • Land use compatibility

  • Nature of services and target users

  • Public reactions to the facility

  • Community integration and joint user development should be considered as far as possible

  • Provide clear signage to ensure undisturbed access to staff, users and visitors where appropriate



Table 2 : Educational Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Nursery Classes and Kindergartens 730 half-day and 250 full-day places for every 1 000 children in the age group of 3 - under 6.

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Primary Schools
1 whole day classroom per 25.5 persons aged 6-11.
For a 30-classroom school, site reservation at a minimum of 6 200m2 per school with a minimum acceptable width of 65m is required;
for a 24-classroom school, a minimum of 4 700 m2 per school with a minimum acceptable width of 55m; and
for a 18-classroom school, a minimum of 3 950m2 per school with a minimum acceptable width of 55m.
A 10% additional site reservation may be required for new development areas.
 
A 30-classroom school, operating a total of 30 whole-day classes, requires a site of 6 200 m2 for 765 persons aged 6-11. ∆
A 24-classroom school, operating a total of 24 whole-day classes, requires a site of 4 700 m2 for 612 persons aged 6-11. ∆
A 18-classroom school, operating a total of 18 whole-day classes, requires a site of 3 950m2 for 459 persons aged 6-11. ∆
 

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Secondary Schools 1 whole day classroom for 40 persons aged 12-17 with site reservation at a minimum of 6 950m2 per school with a minimum acceptable width of 65m is required A 30-classroom school, operating 30 whole-day classes, requires a site of 6 950m2 for 1 200 persons aged 12-17. ∆

district

Technical Institutes No set standard *

-

territorial

Industrial Training Centre No set standard *

-

territorial
Special Schools No set standard *

-

territorial
Post-secondary College No set standard. To be advised by SED on
case-by-case basis
Site reservation between 
2 000m2 to 7 000m2 in consultation with SED
territorial
Universities No set standard *

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territorial



Table 3 : Medical and Health Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Hospitals 5.5 beds/1 000 persons with a distribution of beds between various types of hospitals determined on a regional basis. #
(a) Regional and district hospitals - average of 80m2 per bed.

(b) Convalescent/infirmary hospitals - average of 60m2 per bed

regional

Polyclinics/Specialist Clinic One specialist clinic/polyclinic whenever a regional or district hospital is built. Site reservation: about 4 700m2 (62m x 76m)

regional

Clinics/Health Centres One clinic/health centre for every 100 000 persons. # Site reservation : about 2 200m2 (37m x 60m)

district

Rural Clinics Future needs to be determined on a district basis. *

-

district



Table 4 : Police Stations

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

District Police Stations 1/200 000 - 500 000 persons. # About 4 650m2 (61m x 76m)  fronting onto at least 2 main roads plus similar size for married staff quarters

regional

Divisional Police Stations 1/100 000 - 200 000 persons. # About 3 000m2 (50m x 60m) fronting onto at least 2 main roads.

district

Sub-Divisional Police Stations/Police Posts To be determined in the light of local factors and other considerations. * Site allocation dependent on building design.

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Marine Police Stations To be determined in the light of local factors and other considerations. * Site allocation dependent on building design.

regional



Table 5 : Magistracies

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

8 courtrooms 1 for 660 000 persons. Site allocation about
4 200m2 (61m x 69m)

regional



Table 6 : Correctional Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Correctional Facilities Reservation to be determined on a regional basis. *

-

regional



Table 7 : Fire Services Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Standard Divisional
Fire Stations
Provision depends on graded response time determined by fire risk category system. Generally 1 standard divisional station is provided for 1 fire division. Provision of standard sub-divisional station and non-standard station depends on local needs.

2 960m2 with a minimum frontage of 47m. The frontage of the site will have to be widened if the run-in to the drill yard is not from the back.

district

Standard Sub-divisional Fire Stations 1 800m2 with a minimum frontage of 37m. The frontage of the site will have to be widened if the run-in to the drill yard is not from the back.

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Non-standard Fire Stations No set standard for site requirement.

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Joint Divisional Fire Stations & Ambulance Depots

(Fire stations may be accommodated on joint sites with ambulance depots, whenever practicable.)
3 830m2 with a minimum frontage of 80m and a drill yard of 1 635m2 behind the divisional fire station building block.

district

Joint Sub-divisional Fire Stations and Ambulance Depots 2 670m2 with a minimum frontage of 70m and a drill yard of 1 225m2 behind the sub-divisional fire station building block.

district



Table 8: Ambulance Services Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Ambulance Depots Provision depends on the requirement of accommodation for ambulances to give an emergency coverage of 10 minutes and 20 minutes in urban/new towns and rural areas respectively. The number of ambulances required depends on the projected population distribution and the projected incidence rate of an area. 1 160m2 with a minimum frontage of 36m. The frontage of the site will have to be widened if the run-in to the drill yard is not from the back

district

Ambulance Stations no set standard

district

Joint Divisional Fire Stations & Ambulance Depots see 'Fire Services Facilities' above

district

Joint Sub-divisional Fire Stations and Ambulance Depots see 'Fire Services Facilities' above

district



Table 9 : Cultural Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Arts Venues No set standard. To be determined on the basis of need, as assessed and advised by the Secretary for Home Affairs.

-

territory-wide and community level

Libraries One district library should be provided for each district. There should also be a district library for every 200 000 persons.#

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district



Table 10 : Community Halls & Social Welfare Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Community Halls

To be determined on the basis of need, having regard to community aspirations and other relevant considerations.

1 260m2 (32m x 39.5m) floor area and, preferably, with a minimum clearance height of 7.65m for joint-users buildings; or 2 100m2 (60m x 35m) site area for stand-alone sites in exceptional circumstances.

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Child Care Centres    

To be based on the estimated demand, socio-economic factors, district characteristics and the provision of other child care support services for the area.

NOFA : 443m2
NUFA : 532m2
for 102 places

local

Integrated Children and Youth Services Centres

1/12 000 persons in 6-24 age group. The provision standard for this facility should be applied flexibly having regard to local factors.

NOFA : 631m2

local

District Elderly Community Centres

To be determined taking into account the elderly population, demographic characteristics, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 424m2
NUFA : 572m2

 

district

Neighbourhood Elderly Centres

To be determined taking into account the elderly population, demographic characteristics, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 303m2
NUFA : 394m2

 

district

Day Care Centres for the Elderly

To be determined taking into account the elderly population, demographic characteristics, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 267m2
NUFA : 401m2
for 40 places

district

Day Care Unit for the Elderly in District Elderly Community Centres

To be determined taking into account the elderly population, demographic characteristics, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 80m2
NUFA : 120m2
for 20 places

district

Day Care Unit for the Elderly in Residential Care Homes for the Elderly

To be determined taking into account the elderly population, demographic characteristics, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 70m2
NUFA : 105m2
for 20 places

territory wide

Residential Care Homes for the Elderly

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 1 096m2
NUFA : 1 754m2
for 100 places

territory wide

Integrated Family Service Centres

1/100 000 to 150 000 persons.

NOFA : 535m2

service boundary defined by the Director of Social Welfare

Early Education and Training Centre

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 166m2
NUFA : 216m2
for 60 places

NOFA : 212m2
NUFA : 276m2
for 90 places

district

Special Child Care Centre

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 345m2
NUFA : 449m2
for 60 places

district

Day Activity Centre

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 319m2
NUFA : 415m2
for 50 places

district

Sheltered Workshop

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

NOFA : 587m2
NUFA : 763m2
for 100 places

NOFA : 696m2
NUFA : 905m2
for 120 places

NOFA : 805m2
NUFA : 1 047m2
for 140 places

NOFA : 910m2
NUFA : 1 183m2
for 160 places

district

Hostel for Severely Mentally Handicapped Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 661m2
NUFA : 925m2
for 50 places

territory wide

Hostel for Moderately Mentally Handicapped Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 534m2
NUFA : 748m2
for 50 places

territory wide

Hostel for Severely Physically Handicapped Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 695m2
NUFA : 1 043m2
for 50 places

territory wide

Care and Attention Home for Severely Disabled Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 788m2
NUFA : 1 182m2
for 50 places

territory wide

Supported Hostel for Mentally Handicapped Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 243m2
NUFA : 316m2
for 20 places

territory wide

Supported Hostel for
Ex-Mentally Ill Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 243m2
NUFA : 316m2
for 20 places

territory wide

Supported Hostel for   Physically Handicapped Persons

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 265m2
NUFA : 345m2
for 20 places

territory wide

Halfway House

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 483m2
NUFA : 676m2
for 40 places

territory wide

Long Stay Care Home

To be determined taking into account the service demand and the availability of suitable premises.

NOFA : 2 866m2
NUFA : N/A m2
for 200 places

district

District Support Centre for Persons with Disabilities

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

About 500m2 floor area required

district

Integrated Community Centre for Mental Wellness

To be determined taking into account the population, geographical factor, existing service provision and service demand.

About 500m2 floor area required

district

Study Rooms

(a)

Usually one in each public major/district library.

(b) Provision in Community Centre is governed by the approved schedule of accommodation.
(c) Provision in public housing estates is based on a need basis (usually managed by non-governmental organisations)

About 200m2 floor area required

About 130m2 floor area required.
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  Table 11 : Post Offices
Facility Standard Land or Floor Area Requirement Area Served

Post Offices

(a) In urban areas, post offices should be provided so that large concentrations of population have access to facilities within 1.2km from where they live or work.

(b) In rural areas, a distance of 3.2km should be assumed.

(c) The provision is to be advised by the Postmaster General.

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Table 12 : Public Mortuaries & Funeral Facilities

Facility

Standard

Land or Floor Area Requirement

Area Served

Public Mortuaries One for each of the 5 regions, namely Hong Kong Island, Kowloon West, Kowloon East, New Territories West and New Territories East. 

-

regional

Funeral Depots 1/350 000 persons. Site reservation about 0.25 ha.

regional



Notes :

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No specific site allocation is required. The facility is normally provided in a composite building.

The stipulated land requirements are for general reference only and would be subject to the consideration of the Secretary for Education and the Director of Architectural Services on individual case basis.

*
There is no set population/land area standard for this facility.

#
Where the population of an individual Study Area does not coincide with the service's catchment areas, then a logical operational solution should be devised, whilst attempting to maintain the per-capita standard.

NOFA
"Net Operational Floor Area" comprises a summation of all internal dimensions of rooms/spaces contained within the approved Schedule of Accommodation, excludes all structures and partitions, circulation areas, staircases, staircase halls, lift landings, area occupied by toilet facilities, mechanical and electrical services.

NUFA

"Net Usable Floor Area" is applicable to private development and public housing estates. It comprises the NOFA plus ancillary accommodation, including circulation spaces, toilets, internal partitions, structures etc, for the sole use of the facility. It excludes common areas, lifts and staircase enclosures, structural elements and service ducts forming part of, serving or supporting the remainder of the building.



 

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   Last revision date : June 2015