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Chapter 8 : Internal Transport Facilities

  1. This Chapter provides the design standards and guidelines for planning land requirements for internal transport facilities including footpath and parking.

  2. The recommended minimum carriageway widths in accordance with the Transport Planning and Design Manual are shown below:

Road Type

Single Carriageway

Dual Carriageway

Central Reserve

Expressway and Trunk Road 

-

7.3m (2-lane)
11.0m (3-lane)
14.6m (4-lane)

2.3m
(3.2m) #

Primary Distributor Road+

-

6.75m (2-lane)
10.0m (3-lane)
13.5m (4-lane)

2.3m

District Distributor Road+ 7.3m (2-lane)
10.3m (2-lane) *
13.5m (4-lane)

6.75m (2-lane)
10.0m (3-lane)

1.8m

Local Distributor Road+ 7.3m (2-lane)
10.3m (2-lane) *
13.5m (4-lane)

6.75m (2-lane)

1.8m

Rural Road A 7.3m (2-lane)
10.3m (2-lane) *

7.3m (2-lane)
-

1.8m

Rural Road B 6.75m (2-lane)
10.3m (2-lane) *

7.3m (2-lane)
-

1.8m

Feeder Road 6.0m (2-lane)

-

-

Single Track Access Road 3.5m (1-lane)
widened to 6m
at passing bays
6.0m (2-lane)

-

-


Notes:

+
Where there are tram tracks, a 5.5m wide tram reserve must be allowed for a double track system.

*
When the peak hour traffic volume (two-way) exceeds 1 600 vehicles but is less than 2 400 vehicles, a wider 2-lane single carriageway should be used. The use of a 3-lane single carriageway is not recommended for safety reasons.

#
Recommended minimum Central Reserve width for Rural Roads

  1. The minimum width standards for through zone, street furniture and greening zone as well as building frontage zone of a footpath/walkway on public roads for various land uses is shown in the table below. The width should be flexibly applied to suit individual circumstance or design.

Land Use Type Through Zone Width / Peak Pedestrian Volume
(Pedestrians per minute)
Street Furniture and Greening
 Zone Width
Building Frontage
 Zone Width
Commercial
Commercial / Residential
Residential Zone 1 and those other
  areas near pedestrian generators such as cinemas, rail stations, some GIC facilities (e.g. schools), etc.
4.5m
Very high (Over 100)
1.5m (2)-(4) 0.5m for
dead areas
and increase
to 1m for shopping frontages
Residential Zone 1 3.5m
High (80-100)
Residential Zone 2 2.75m
Medium (60-80)
Residential Zone 3 2.0m
Low (Below 60)
Rural 2.0m
Very Low
Business 4.5m
Medium (80)
General Industrial Use (1) 4.5m
Medium
4m (3)-(4)
Special Industrial Use (1) 3.5m
Low to Medium
2m (2)-(4)
Rural Based Industrial Use 2.5m
Low
1.5m (2)-(4)
     
Notes: (1) For classification of industrial use, please refer to Chapter 5 of the HKPSG.

  (2) The SF&GZ width should be increased to 3m for planting of large trees or understorey planting along boulevards or main roads.

  (3) If bus shelter exceeding 1m width is provided along the footpath corridor, additional width of up to 2m should be suitably allowed in the SF&GZ.

  (4) When street furniture exceeding normal object width of 1m (such as gateway and artwork) is required, the SF&GZ would need to be widened to cater for its provision.

  1. Parking Standards for various types of development are summarized in the following tables : (In all cases, the level of provision in a development is to be decided by the Authority. The Standards serve to provide a guideline on which the Authority will base the decision.)

Table 1 : Housing Development

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Subsidised Housing# Private car :

Parking Requirement = Global Parking Standard (GPS) x Demand Adjustment Ratio (R1) x Accessibility Adjustment Ratio (R2)

Where: 

GPS = 1 car space per 6-9 flats

R1 = 0.23

R2 = 0.85 (within a 500m- radius of rail station); or

  = 1 (outside a 500m - radius of rail station)

Light Goods Vehicle :

1 LGV space per 200 - 600 flats

Medium Goods Vehicle :

No fixed standard.

To utilize estate commercial center loading/unloading bays for overnight parking in estates.

Provision of minimum 1 loading/unloading bay around each residential block for service vehicles.
Private Housing

Private car :

Parking Requirement = Global Parking Standard (GPS) x Demand Adjustment Ratio (R1) x Accessibility Adjustment Ratio (R2) x Development Intensity Adjustment Ratio (R3)


Where:

GPS = 1 car space per 6-9 flats

R1 = 0.4 (flat size (GFA) ≤ 40m2); or

  = 0.7 (40 < flat size ≤ 70m2); or

  = 2.1 (70 < flat size ≤ 100m2); or

  = 5.5 (100< flat size ≤ 130m2); or

  = 7.5 (130 < flat size ≤ 160m2);

  = 9.5 (flat size > 160m2)

R2 = 0.75 (within a 500m - radius of rail station); or

  = 1.00 (outside a 500m - radius of rail station)

R3 = 1.30 (0.00 < Domestic Plot Ratio ≤ 1.00); or

  = 1.10 (1.00 < Domestic Plot Ratio ≤ 2.00); or

  = 1.00 (2.00 < Domestic Plot Ratio ≤ 5.00); or

  = 0.90 (5.00 < Domestic Plot Ratio ≤ 8.00); or

  = 0.75 (Domestic Plot Ratio > 8.00)


Minimum of 1 loading / unloading bay for goods vehicles within the site for every 800 flats or part thereof, subject to a minimum of 1 bay for each housing block or as determined by the Authority.

Space should also be provided around each block for service vehicles.

Village Housing Up to 1 car parking space for each standard New Territories Exempted House (65m2), with 10-15% of provision for overnight goods vehicles.  
# The parking standards for subsidised housing in Section 1 of Table 11 are applicable to public rental housing developments. The parking requirements for subsidised saleable housing developments should be determined on a case-by-case basis by the Authority.

Table 2 : Education Facilities

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Primary Schools 1 car parking space for every 4 to 6 classrooms. 1 lay-by for taxis and private cars for every 2 to 3 classrooms and a minimum of 3 lay-bys within the school boundary for school buses.
Secondary Schools and Technical Institutes 1 car parking space for every 3 to 4 classrooms. 1 lay-by for taxis and private cars for every 3 to 5 classrooms in secondary schools and technical institutes and a maximum of 3 lay-bys for school buses.
Special Schools 1 car parking space for every 4 to 8 classrooms. 1 lay-by for taxis and private cars for every 2-3 classrooms and a minimum of 3 lay-bys for school buses (within the site).
Kindergartens 0 - 1 car parking space per 4 to 6 classrooms 1 lay-by for taxis and private cars for every 5-8 classrooms and a minimum of 2 lay-bys for school buses.
(Note: The requirement may be substituted by 5 lay-bys of size 3m x 7m for mini-bus / nanny van which can provide a total number of seats equivalent to that provided by 2 large school buses).
Tertiary Institutions No set standard. To be determined by the Authority.

 

Table 3 : Medical Facilities

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Clinics and Polyclinics 1 to 1.5 car parking spaces for each consulting room. 3 additional parking spaces (9m x 3m) for ambulances for polyclinics.

1 to 2 car parking spaces should be reserved for disabled person.

1 to 2 lay-bys (9m x 3m) for ambulances and 0 to 1 taxi/private car lay-by per consulting room to be provided under cover.

1 to 2 lay-bys for MGVs/HGVs.

Hospitals 1 car parking space for every 3 to 12 beds. 2-5 spaces should be allocated for disabled visitor parking. 8 additional parking spaces (9m x 3m) for ambulances for hospitals with Accident and Emergency (A+E) departments. For hospitals without A+E departments, 3 additional parking spaces (9m x 3m ) for ambulances.
1 lay-by for taxis and private cars to be provided under cover for every :

(i) 80 beds, or part thereof, in hospitals with A+E departments;

(ii)

160 beds, or part thereof, in hospitals without A+E departments.


1 lay-by (8m x 3m) for PLBs for every:

(i) 200 beds, or part thereof, in hospitals with A+E departments;

(ii) 400 beds, or part thereof, in hospitals, without A+E departments

Ambulance lay-bys:

(i) 2 for hospitals with A+E departments.

(ii) 1 to 2 for hospitals without A+E departments.

(iii) all lay-bys to be under cover.

1 to 3 lay-bys for MGVs/ HGVs

 

Table 4 : Retail Facilities

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Retail
(In purpose-designed centres)
(a) Zone 1 areas
(b) Zone 2 and 3 areas
 
1 car space per 200 - 300m2 GFA
For the first 2 000m2 GFA:1 car space per 40 to 50m2 GFA.
Above 2 000m2 GFA :1 car space per 150 - 200m2 GFA
 
1 loading/unloading bay for good vehicles for every 800 to 1 200m2 or part thereof, of gross floor area.
Retail Markets Generally nil. 1 MGV/HGV bay per 20-30 large stalls.

1 MGV/HGV bay per 40-60 small stalls. (Subject to a minimum provision of  2 MGV / HGV bays)

1 loading/unloading bay as those for a MGV / HGV, for each refuse collection point.

 

Table 5 : Commercial Facilities

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Office For the first 15 000m2 GFA :
1 car space per 150 - 200m2 GFA

Above 15 000m2 GFA :1 car space per 200 - 300m2 GFA
1 loading/unloading bay for goods vehicles for every 2 000 to 3 000m2, or part thereof, of gross floor area.

For sites of at least 5 000m2 net site area, 1 picking up/setting down lay-by for taxis and private cars for every
20 000m2, or part thereof, of gross floor area.
Hotels
(a) Main Urban Areas & New Towns
   

 

 

 
1 car space per 100 rooms
0.5 - 1 car space per 200m2 GFA of conference and banquet facilities in hotels.

 

 

 

 
0.5 - 1 goods vehicle bay for every 100 rooms

Lay-by for taxi and private cars :

Hotel Type

Minimum No.

≤299 rooms 2
300-599 rooms 3
≥600 rooms 4

Lay-by for single-deck tour buses:

Hotel Type Minimum No.
≤299 rooms 1
300-899 rooms 2-3
≥900 rooms 3

Additional provision for convention centres and banquet facilities to be determined by the Authority.
(b) Other areas

 

 

Not less than 1 single-deck tour bus parking space for every 200 guest rooms or part thereof.

Not less than 1 car parking space for every 10 guest rooms.

2-5 car spaces per 200m2 GFA of conference and banquet facilities in hotels.
Not less than 1 bay for goods vehicles for every 100 guest rooms or part thereof.

Additional provision for convention centres and banquet facilities to be determined by the Authority.
Commercial/ Entertainment Facilities (e.g. cinemas, theatres.) Range of 0 to 1 car parking space for every 20 seats or part thereof. Except for cinemas, 1 loading/unloading bay for goods vehicles where practicable.

Not less that 1 picking up/setting down lay-by for taxis and private cars for every 400 seats or part thereof.

    

Table 6 : Industrial Development

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Industrial Use 1 car space for 1 000 - 1 200m2 GFA

 

1 goods vehicle bay per
700 - 900m2 GFA, 50% of which
should be for parking of goods
vehicles.

1 container vehicle loading/unloading
bay with turning circle of 11.6m outer radius on site with dimension not less than 45m x 40m.
Industry/Office (I/O) Uses

1 car space per 600 - 750m2 GFA

1 goods vehicle bay per 
1 000 - 1 200m2 of 50% of the I/O GFA; and 1 goods vehicle bay per
2 000 - 3 000m2 of the remaining 50% of the I/O GFA.

50% of all the required goods vehicle bays shall be for parking of goods vehicles.

1 good vehicle bay for 800 - 1 200m2 of the commercial GFA solely for loading/unloading.

1 container vehicle loading/unloading bay with turning circle of 11.6 m outer radius should be provided for a site with dimensions not less than
45 m x 40 m.

Business Use
Industrial Buildings:
1 car space per 600-750m2 GFA
 

1 goods vehicle bay per
1 000-1 200m2 of 50% of the GFA; and 1 per 2 000-3 000m2 of the remaining 50% of the GFA.

50% of all the above required goods vehicle bays shall be for parking of goods vehicles.

One container vehicle loading/unloading bay with turning circle of 11.6m outer radius should be provided for a site with dimensions not less than 45 m x 40 m.

Industrial/Office (I/O) Buildings:
1 car space per 600-750m2 GFA

 

 

 

1 goods vehicle bay per 
1 000-1 200m2 of 50% of the I/O GFA; and 1 per 2 000-3 000m2 of the remaining 50% of the I/O GFA.

50% of all the above required goods vehicle bays shall be for parking of goods vehicles.

1 goods vehicle bay per 
800-1 200m2 for commercial GFA solely for loading/unloading.

One container vehicle loading/unloading bay with turning circle of 11.6m outer radius should be provided for a site with dimensions not less than 45 m x 40 m.

Office Buildings:
1 car space per 150-200m2 GFA for the first 15 000m2 GFA; 1 car space per 200-300m2 GFA for the remaining GFA.
 
1 goods vehicle bay per 
2 000-3 000m2, or part thereof, GFA.

For sites of at least 5 000m2 net site area, 1 picking up/setting down lay-by for taxis and private cars for every
20 000m2, or part thereof, GFA.
Business Buildings:
1 car space per 200-300m2 GFA
 
1 goods vehicle bay per 
800-1 200m2 GFA, 50% of which should be for parking of goods vehicles.

A minimum of 1 picking up / setting down lay-by for taxis and private cars shall be provided for sites of at least
5 000m2 net site area.

1 container vehicle loading/unloading bay with turning circle of 11.6 m outer radius should be provided for a site with dimensions not less than 
45 m x 40 m.

Industrial Estate

1 parking space per 900m2 GFA or 1 parking space per 450m2 site area, whichever is the greater. Of the spaces provided, 50% shall be for parking of private cars and light vans and 50% shall be for parking and loading/ unloading of lorries.

One half of spaces set aside for lorries should be able to be used for loading/ unloading.

One container vehicle bay on sites with dimensions of not less than
45m x 40m.

Science Park

1 parking space per 75m2 GFA (75% for cars; 25% for vans)

1 lorry parking space per 5 000m2 GFA

One half of spaces set aside for lorries should be able to be used for loading/unloading.

Rural Based Industrial
Use

1 parking space per establishment or 1 parking space for every 900m2 GFA of the establishment, whichever is the greater, for lorry/visitor parking.

One half of spaces set aside for lorries should be able to be used for loading/unloading.

Other Industrial Uses with Special Requirements As per functional needs

 

Table 7 : Other Facilities

Type of Development

Parking Requirements

Loading/Unloading Requirements

Churches Up to 1 car parking space for every 16 seats or equivalent. 1 - 2 bays (9m x 3.5m) for small coaches.
Electric Substations
(a) 66kV and above
sub-station
(b) 33kV substation
 
one space for private car
one space for private car
 
one HGV/MGV space
one LGV space

Art Venues No set standard. To be determined by the Authority.

 

  1. The dimensions of parking spaces are set down below :

Types of Vehicle

Length (m)

Width (m)

Minimum Headroom (m)

Private Cars and Taxis

5

2.5

2.4

Light Goods Vehicles

7

3.5

3.6

Medium/Heavy Goods Vehicles

11

3.5

4.7

Container Vehicles

16

3.5

4.7

Coaches and Buses

12

3.5

3.8

Light buses

8

3.0

3.3

 

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  2005 Copyright Important notices  Last revision date : June 2016