Stage II Study On Review of Metroplan and
The Related Kowloon Density Study Review
Final Report

 

Contents

 

VOLUME 1 - METROPLAN AND KDS REVIEWS

- Introduction
- Part I   Metroplan Review
- Part II  Kowloon Density Study Review

VOLUME 2 - SUPPORTING STUDIES AND APPENDICES

- Chapter 17 to 20
- Appendices

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

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1  Introduction

1.1 Study background  |  1.2 Structure of report  |

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PART I METROPLAN REVIEW

2  Metro Area context

2.1 Strategic functions of Metro Area  |  2.2 Recent major trends  |  2.3 Strategic policy context  |
2.4 Metroplan key issues  |  2.5 Capacity constraint analysis  |  2.6 Opportunities for land use change  |

3  Review of Metroplan form and function

3.1 Role of Metroplan in the SAR plan hierarchy  |  3.2 Purposes of Metroplan  |  3.3 Scope of Metroplan  |
3.4 Metroplan implementation framework  |  3.5 Implementation issues  |  3.6 Metroplan goals and objectives  |

4  Urban Renewal and District Restructuring

4.1 Themes framework  |  4.2 Housing and population  |  4.3 Employment distribution  |
4.4 Urban renewal and district restructuring  |  4.5 User-friendly city  |  4.6 Tourism and recreation development  |
4.7 Potential policy packages |

5  Metroplan strategic planning policies

5.1 Metroplan vision and Goals  |  5.2 Theme 1: Housing and population capacity  |
5.3 Theme 2: Employment redistribution  |  5.4 Theme 3: Urban renewal and district restructuring  |
5.5 Theme 4: User-friendly city  |  5.6 Theme 5: Tourism and recreation development  |  5.7 Transport framework  |
5.8 Metroplan Land-Use/Transport Framework  |  5.9 Sequence of Works  |

6  Planning Guidelines

6.1 Introduction  |  6.2 Density Guidelines  |  6.3 Urban Design and Landscape Guidelines  |
6.4 Building Height Guidelines  |  6.5 Open Space and Recreation Guidelines  |

7  Topic Action Plans

7.1 Industrial and Commercial Development Action Plan  |  7.2 Housing and Urban Renewal Action Plan  |
7.3 Tourism Action Plan  |  7.4 Transport Improvement Action Plan  |

8  Broad assessment of Recommended Strategy

8.1 Purpose and scope of assessments  |  8.2 Population and employment forecasts  |
8.3 Transport assessment  |  8.4 Sewerage assessment  |  8.5 Environmental assessment  |
8.6 Open space and GIC facilities assessment  |  8.7 Assessment of policies against objectives  |

9  Institutional framework

9.1 Role of Metroplan in implementation of development  |  9.2 Authority of Metroplan  |
9.3 Plan coordination and monitoring  |  9.4 Metroplan guidance for statutory plans  |  9.5 Involving the Community  |

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PART II KOWLOON DENSITY STUDY REVIEW

10  KDS Review context

10.1 Background to KDS Review  |  10.2 Plot ratio controls in Kowloon OZPs  |
10.3 Objections to gazetted Kowloon OZPs  |  10.4 Main issues for review of controls  |

11  Scenario tests

11.1 Objective and scope of Scenario Tests  |  11.2 Plot ratio and development assumptions for scenarios  |
11.3 Development levels under scenarios  |

12  Transport assessment

12.1 Key assumptions  |  12.2 Strategic background  |  12.3 Strategic highways  |  12.4 Public transport  |
12.5 District and local highways  |  12.6 Policy measures  |  12.7 Conclusions  |

13  Strategic sewerage assessment

13.1 Approach  |  13.2 Assessment of major HATS Facilities  |  13.3 NW Kowloon  |
13.4 N&S Kowloon (Central Kowloon)  |  13.5 East Kowloon  |  13.6 Main conclusions  |

14  Assessments of other aspects

14.1 Environmental conditions  |  14.2 Water supply  |  14.3 Open space and GIC requirements  |

15  Scope for plot ratio relaxation

15.1 Main findings from transport assessments  |  15.2 Main findings of sewerage assessment  |
15.3 Main findings of other assessments  |  15.4 Discussion and recommendations  |  15.5 Form of plot ratio control  |

16  Confirming tests

16.1 Recommended land use/plot ratio scenario  |  16.2 Transport assessment  |  16.3 Sewerage assessment  |
16.4 Open space/GIC assessment  |  16.5 Conclusions and recommendations  |

17  Integrated sectoral studies

17.1 Purpose of review  |  17.2 Housing development review  |  17.3 Urban design and landscape review  |
17.4 Open space, recreation and GIC facilities review  |  17.5 Urban renewal principles  |
17.6 Industrial and commercial development review  |  17.7 Retail development review  |
17.8 Tourism and hotel development review  |  17.9 Port and marine-related development review  |
17.10 Transport planning review  |

18  Capacity constraint analysis

18.1 Basis of assessments  |  18.2 Transport capacity  |  18.3 Sewerage capacity  |  18.4 Water supply  |
18.5 Environmental capacity  |  18.6 Open Space and GIC assessment  |

19  Opportunities for land use change

19.1 New development areas  |  19.2 Urban renewal  |  19.3 Plot ratio relaxation  |  19.4 Potential for Rezoning  |

20  Option formulation and evaluation

20.1 Approach to option development and evaluation method  |  20.2 Business/High-tech nodes  |
20.3 District centres  |  20.4 Potential commercial areas for improvement  |
20.5 Potential locations for tourism provision  |  20.6 Selected strategy elements  |

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APPENDICES

  1. Transport model input assumptions

  2. Sewerage assumptions

  3. Major HATS facilities

  4. Sewerage assessments for Metroplan Review Capacity Constraints Analysis

  5. Implementation aspects of possible High-tech Business Node at Kowloon Tong

  6. Zoning to achieve mixed use developments

  7. Population and employment forecasts (Metroplan Recommended Strategy)

  8. Environmental mitigation measures

  9. Open space and GIC assessment (Metroplan Recommended Strategy)

  10. Principles and structure of DEVIN Model

  11. DEVIN Model assumptions

  12. Assumptions on non-DEVIN population and employment

  13. Population and employment forecasts (KDS Review)

  14. Water supply assessment (KDS Review)

  15. Open space and GIC provision by District (KDS Review)

  16. Goals, objectives and evaluation criteria for evaluation of business nodes, district centres and commercial areas

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List of Tables

2.1 - Strategic policies of Territorial Development Strategy Review, 1998, affecting Metro Area
2.2 - Issues identified in Stage I Metroplan Review
3.1 - Metroplan goals and objectives
4.1 - Metroplan themes and potential policy packages
5.1 - Sequence of works for planned railway projects
5.2 - Sequence of works for planned major highway projects
5.3 - Sequence of works for planned New Development Areas
6.1 - Waterfront Building height concept
6.2 - Standards for Provision of Open Space
7.1 - Projected 2016 population in new reclamations in Metro
7.2 - Projected 2016 population in land-based new development areas
8.1 - Population in major areas of Metro 1996 to 2016 (in millions)
8.2 - Employment in major areas of Metro 1996 to 2016 (in millions)
8.3 - Economic assumptions
8.4 - Strategic indicators for SAR
8.5 - Growth of traffic at strategic screenlines; AM peak flow in peak direction
8.6 - Operational statistics for selected major roads; volume to capacity ratios for travel demand
8.7 - Passenger kilometers by mode
8.8 - AM peak rail flows at strategic rail links (000's) in peak direction
8.9 - Peak hour trip ends by area
8.10 - Comparison of performance of local roads and local distributors by area
8.11 - Comparison of speeds
8.12 - Projected flows to SCIMPS in 2016 (no diversion of Chai Wan and Shau Kei Wan flows)
8.13 - Projected flows to SCIMPS in 2016 (after diversion of Chai Wan and Shau Kei Wan flows)
8.14 - Flows to tunnels from HATS Stage I catchments for year 2016
8.15 - Shortfalls in GIC facilities by District, 2016
8.16 - Goals, objectives and policies
9.1 - Executing agents and principal mechanisms for implementing Metroplan policies
10.1 - KDS recommendations and their original justifications
11.1 - Plot ratio assumptions for Scenarios
11.2 - Population in 1999 and 2016 by Scenario
11.3 - Population in 1999 and 2016 by Scenariom3
11.4 - Distribution of population increase between scenarios by source and housing sector
12.1 - Comparison of assumptions
12.2 - Strategic indicators for SAR
12.3 - Growth of traffic at strategic screenlines; AM peak flow in peak direction
12.4 - Operational statistics for selected major roads; Volume to Capacity ratios for travel demand
12.5 - Passenger kilometres by mode
12.6 - AM peak rail flows at strategic rail links (000's) in peak direction
12.7 - Growth of bus and minibus travel screenlines (daily 000's)
12.8 - Peak hour trip ends by area
12.9 - Comparison of performance of local roads and local distributors by area
12.10 - Comparison of speeds
12.11 - Growth of traffic in critical areas, 2016 over 1996
12.12 - Assessment of junction performance at critical junctions
12.13 - Comparison of AM peak V/C Ratio, with and without policy
13.1 - Comparison of projected flows from Scenarios 1 and 2 in 2016 with the HATS Stage I design flows (m3/sec)
13.2 - Total flow to the tunnels (m3/sec) for areas outside Kowloon
13.3 - Total flow to SCIMPS (m3/sec) in 2016 based on Method 1
13.4 - Projected flows to SCIMPS in 2016 based on Method 2 (no diversion of CW & SKW flows)
13.5 - Projected flows to SCIMPS in 2016 based on Method 2 (after diversion of CW & SKW flows)
13.6 - Flows to tunnels from Kowloon catchments in 2016
13.7 - Flows to Tunnels D and E (m3/sec) in 2016 assuming diversion of Chai Wan and Shau Kei Wan flows
13.8 - Projected flows to NW Kowloon PTW in 2016
13.9 - Capacity thresholds in NW Kowloon Sewerage System in year 2016
13.10 - Projected flows to To Kwa Wan PTW in 2016
13.11 - Capacity threshold in Central Kowloon sewerage system
13.12 - Projected flows to Kwun Tong PTW in 2016
13.13 - Capacity thresholds in East Kowloon sewerage system
14.1 - Shortfalls in GIC facilities by district, 2016
16.1 - Employment change through redevelopment of sites proposed to be rezoned from Industrial to OU (Business Use)
16.2 - Employment change through redevelopment of sites proposed for rezoning from Industrial to R(E)
16.3 - Adjustments to Scenario 1 population and employment data, Kowloon
16.4 - Overall strategic indicators for Hong Kong SAR
16.5 - Growth of traffic at strategic screenlines, AM peak flow in peak direction
16.6 - Volume/capacity ratios for travel demand on selected major roads
16.7 - Passenger kilometers by mode, 2016
16.8 - AM peak rail flows at strategic rail links in peak direction (in '000s)
16.9 - Growth of bus and minibus travel at screenlines
16.10 - Growth in peak hour trip ends 1996 to 2016, by area
16.11 - Comparison of performance of local roads and local distributors by area
16.12 - Shortfalls in GIC faculties by district, 2016
18.1 - Population and employment in 1999 and 2016 by region (in '000s)
18.2 - Highway screenline flows and V/C ratios in 2016 (AM peak)
18.3 - 2016 AM peak cross-harbour traffic demands (southbound)
18.4 - Daily screenline flows by bus/PLB ('000s)
18.5 - Daily screenline flows by rail ('000s)
18.6 - Southbound AM peak rail flows at strategic rail links ('000s)
18.7 - Peak hour operational characteristics of selected roads, 2016
18.8 - Peak hour operational characteristics of selected roads in Tsuen Wan, 2016
18.9 - Local area growth for 1996 and 2016
18.10 - Projected flows to Stonecutters Island STW and SCIMPS in 2006, 2011 and 2016 excluding HATS Stage III/IV flows)
18.11 - Projected flows to Stonecutters Island STW and SCIMPS in 2011 
             (including HATS Stage III/IV flows, and diversion of Chai Wan and Shau Kei Wan flows to the Stage III/IV system)
18.12 - Flows to tunnels from HATS Stage I catchments for years 2006, 2011 and 2016
18.13 - Capacity assessment treatment facilities in Metro Area
18.14 - Sub-regional water treatment works capacities and requirements in Metro (in million cubic metres/day)
18.15 - Net change in private population by air quality group 1999 to 2016, by area
18.16 - Population exposed to road traffic noise
18.17 - Initial assessment shortfalls in GIC facilities by District, 2016
19.1 - Projected 2016 population and employment in new reclamations in Metro
19.2 - Projected 2016 population and employment in land-based new development areas
19.3 - Proposed contents of Urban Renewal Strategy to 2016
20.1 - Industrial and office employment in 2016 under the basic OZP and decentralisation scenarios
20.2 - AM peak southbound flows on rail network at Cross-harbour links, 1996 and 2016
20.3 - Screenline flows for southbound flows in AM peak, by Scenario (Units: AM peak Pcu's one-way)
20.4 - Change in Vehicle km per kilometer in AM Peak between 1996 and 2016, by District and Scenario
20.5 - Evaluation matrix: business nodes
20.6 - Summary of Business Node performance categories
20.7 - Candidate locations for District Centre restructuring
20.8 - District Centre Evaluation Matrix
20.9 - Summary of District Centre performance categories
20.10 - General assessment: Commercial Areas

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List of Figures

1.1 - Study Areas
2.1 - Harbour Area Treatment Scheme (HATS)
3.1 - Development Plan Hierarchy
5.1 - Land Use - Transport Framework
5.2 - Sequence of Major Works
6.1 - Density Guidelines
6.2 - Urban Design and Landscape Guidelines
6.3 - Building Height Guidelines
6.4 - Open Space and Recreation Guidelines
7.1 - Industrial and Commercial Development Action Plan
7.2 - Housing and Urban Renewal Action Plan
7.3 - URA Target Areas
7.4 - Tourism Action Plan
7.5 - Transport Improvement Action Plan
17.1 - Existing and proposed railway network
19.1 - New development areas
19.2 - Potential areas for urban renewal
19.3 - Main concentrations of URA schemes for action by 2016
19.4 - Streetblocks containing pre-1967 buildings with domestic PR > 8 and > 100 flats, in 1999
19.5(a) - Public Housing Estates by Date of Construction: Kowloon
19.5(b) - Public Housing Estates by Date of Construction: Hong Kong Island West
19.5(c) - Public Housing Estates by Date of Construction: Hong Kong Island East
19.5(d) - Public Housing Estates by Date of Construction: Tsuen Wan and Kwai Tsing
19.6 - Housing Department study areas for Urban Restructuring Schemes
20.1 - Potential locations for Business/High-tech Nodes
20.2 - Distribution of District level facilities, 2000: civic facilities
20.3 - Distribution of District level facilities, 2000: open space
20.4 - Potential Locations for District Centre Restructuring
20.5 - Distribution of major shopping areas in Metro
20.6 - Potential locations for commercial area improvement
20.7 - Potential locations for tourism development
20.8 - Recommended Business Nodes and District Centres
A1 - Strategic screenline locations
C1 - Harbour Area Treatment Scheme (HATS)
E1 - Proposed High-tech Business Node at Northern Kowloon Tong
J1 - Structure of Subroutine 1: Potential GFA and Flats
J2 - Structure of Subroutine 2: IRP
J3 - Structure of Subroutine 3: Redevelopment propensity
J4 - Structure of Subroutine 4: Site amalgamation potential
N1 - Fresh Water Supply Zones: Kowloon
N2 - Water Supply Zones: Kowloon

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