Landscape Value Mapping of Hong Kong - Study Outline

To Study Outline - Backgound
To Study Outline - Objectives of the Study
To Study Outline - Study Area
To Study Outline - Public Consultation on Study Output
To Study Outline - Duration of Study


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  1. In Hong Kong, no comprehensive assessment of the landscape value has ever been undertaken. Only a broad-brush appraisal of the urban landscape was undertaken in the late 1980s as a part of the Metroplan Landscape Strategy to examine its landform, vegetation cover and character of the main urban areas. Elsewhere, piecemeal landscape assessments have from time to time been carried out, mainly in connection with individual studies or projects.


  1. During the consultation stage of the Study on Sustainable Development for the 21st Century, natural scenery and built landscape were repeatedly raised as important components of sustainability and were suggested for inclusion as an indicator.


Objectives of The Study


  1. In view of the increasing environmental pressures affecting the landscape conditions and environmental quality, the main objective of the Study is to establish the essential landscape baseline information which will provide a systematic reference framework to facilitate landscape assessment and broad environmental assessment of major projects at territorial level.


  1. The Study has several specific objectives:

  1. Fill the gap of the existing information and aggregate all the available information for a better understanding of the landscape resources in Hong Kong, both in terms of quality and quantity;

  2. Establish the baseline conditions of the existing landscape resources, both in the urban and rural areas, as a benchmark against which future changes can be assessed;

  3. Establish a systematic classification system of landscape resources and identify specific landscape character types and areas for production of a landscape character map;

  4. Establish consistent evaluative criteria which will allow measurement and evaluation of the importance of landscape character types and areas; and

  5. Recommend a suitable indicator for broad landscape impact assessment of major development projects which can be incorporated in the sustainability evaluation process.


  1. To achieve the above objectives, the Study will cover the following tasks:

  1. Review all existing relevant local and overseas experience on landscape classification and evaluation, and to identify key gaps in the existing information on landscape resources in Hong Kong;

  2. Develop a system of landscape categories, and establish a set of landscape classification criteria to classify and map the landscape resources;

  3. Conduct a baseline study, which includes both desktop research and a comprehensive field survey, to gather relevant information on baseline conditions of the urban and rural landscape;

  4. Analyse the baseline information collected and divide the landscape resources into areas of distinct recognizable and consistent characters to produce a database and a landscape character map of all areas of Hong Kong in an interactive GIS format; and

  5. Recommend a set of evaluative criteria for identifying the importance and sensitivity of the landscape character, and a suitable indicator for systematic and objective landscape evaluation.


Study Area

  1. The Study will establish the territorial baseline conditions of the landscape resources in Hong Kong.  The study area shall cover the urban and rural landscape of the whole territory.


Public Consultation on Study Output


  1. During the study, key stakeholder, professional bodies, local communities and the general public would be consulted in two stages to seek their views on:

  1. First Stage

Initial landscape categories, classification and evaluative criteria.

  1. Second Stage

Revised landscape categories, classification and evaluation criteria and draft landscape character map.


Duration of Study


  1. The Study would commence in October 2001 and the study period will be about 18 months, excluding the time required for the two stages of public consultation.  


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