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Tseung Kwan O

 Historical Background 

Settlements in the area began as early as in the 13th Century. Major settlements, however, did not occur until the late 16th Century when small fishing villages were founded. Hang Hau, which emerged into a market town, was once the most populated and prosperous place in the whole of Clear Water Bay Peninsula. The area continued to be dominated by rural uses in the next few centuries.

Photo of Former industrial activities in Tseung Kwan O

Former industrial activities in Tseung Kwan O


In the 1960s, industrial activities flourished in Tseung Kwan O. Ship building, ship repairing, ship breaking and steel rolling were the main industries. Other industries included manufacturing of non-ferrous metal products and production of industrial gases. Many of these industries relied on marine access. They have been gradually phased out or relocated since 1982 when the Government approved the development of Tseung Kwan O as a new town.

In 1983, development of Phase I of the New Town to an initial population of about 175,000 was formally endorsed. In 1986, the Government decided to proceed with the construction of the two tubes of Tseung Kwan O Tunnel, which provided scope for further increasing the population of the New Town. To maximise the utilisation of the road infrastructure and to meet the demand for land for public housing, in 1987, the Government decided that the New Town should include a Phase II development and be planned to an increased population of 325,000. To cater for redevelopment of the Tiu Keng Leng Cottage Area and to provide land for development of Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate and deep waterfront industries, in 1988, the Government further decided to proceed with Phase III development of the New Town for about 450,000 subject to detailed feasibility study. The current Outline Zoning Plan and Outline Development Plan of Tseung Kwan O provide for a total planned population of 490,000. Population intake into the New Town started in 1988.

Photo of Tseung Kwan O in the 1970s prior to new town development

Tseung Kwan O in the 1970s prior to new town


Photo of Tseung Kwan O New Town at present

Tseung Kwan O New Town at present

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  2005 Copyright | Important notices Last revision date : January 2003