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Tuen Mun

 Planning Concepts 

Tuen Mun is one of the first generation new towns, the planning of which had adopted the concept of "balanced development" and "self-containment". Under this concept, construction works are grouped into a series of packages containing elements of housing, industry and community facilities so that on completion of the packages, units of balanced and self-contained development could be achieved. In planning the Tuen Mun New Town, consultancy studies have been undertaken to examine the constraints on and opportunities for development with the following planning objectives:

  • To provide a wide range of housing types, both public and private;

  • To achieve a high-quality environment, particularly in residential areas;

  • To provide opportunities for new industrial and commercial developments and jobs;

  • To develop an integrated modern transport system; 

  • To provide a variety of attractive recreational facilities;

  • To make available a full range of educational, health, welfare and other community facilities; and

  • To safe-guard important landscape features.

Photo of a recent view of Tuen Mun
A recent view of Tuen Mun

A basic planning and design principle has been developed and applied for Tuen Mun. An 'urban core' which would accommodate the bulk of housing, industrial, commercial and associated recreational and community facilities is planned for the 'corridor' running along the valley floor lying in between the Castle Peak and Tai Lam foothills. As regards the areas in Lam Tei and So Kwun Wat which are situated at both ends of the 'corridor', a sub-urban type of development is planned so as to maintain a transition between the urban and rural landscapes.

The planning concept and principle have been translated through the preparation and implementation of outline zoning plans under the Town Planning Ordinance. Tuen Mun is at present covered by three outline zoning plans viz Tuen Mun, Lam Tei and Yick Yuen, and So Kwun Wat. Nim Wan, Lung Kwu Tan, the Castle Peak Firing Range and Tai Lam Country Park are not covered by any outline zoning plans.

Photo of the "urban core "of Tuen Mun
The "urban core" of Tuen Mun


Photo of the power station and the planned fourth industrial estate
The power station and the planned fourth industrial estate


The Tuen Mun Outline Zoning Plan covers the 'urban core' and coastal areas from Tap Shek Kok up to Siu Lam Interchange. The 'urban core' accommodates the Town Centre and relatively high-density residential, industrial and commercial developments. To the southwest is the area intended for land extensive type of industrial developments such as the power station, special industries area, river trade terminal etc. To the southeast is the area intended for low-density sub-urban type of residential developments, marina and beaches.

The Lam Tei and Yick Yuen Outline Zoning Plan covers the area to the north of Tuen Mun New Town up to the edge of Hung Shui Kiu. This area is characterized by a mixture of land uses including traditional villages, agricultural land, squatter housing and industrial workshops in temporary structures. The general planning intention is to develop the area for sub-urban development and reserve land for village housing. A gradation concept of development intensity has been applied where a relatively higher development intensity will be concentrated in the Lam Tei local centre and area along Castle Peak Road.

The So Kwun Wat Outline Zoning Plan covers So Kwun Wat, Siu Lam and Tai Lam Chung areas. The predominant land uses in the area include village housing, farmland and government uses, such as Tai Lam Correctional Institution. The general planning intention is to retain the rural character of the area, reserve land for village housing and designate sub-urban type of residential development in appropriate sites.

Photo of low-density sub-urban type of development
Low-density sub-urban type of development

Photo of traditional village houses
Traditional village houses


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  2005 Copyright | Important notices Last revision date : November 2002