Table 2 : Design Guidelines for Residential Zone and Village

[ Table Summary ]

Scale Create appropriate size of the development
  • Encourage comprehensive development to allow more flexibility in layout and design

  • Promote co-operation between adjacent lot owners to help upgrade overall cityscape

Building Height Minimise adverse visual impact of development height on surrounding areas
  • Consider the relationship between building height and mountain backdrop so as to avoid breaching viewsheds 

  • Create diversity and variety in building height profile for visual interest

  • Consider plot ratio control for lowering building height

  • Minimise adverse visual impact on the surroundings by stepping building height or setting back 

  • Descend the building height to the waterfront, open space and countryside

  • Avoid "pencil" towers or out-of-context "sore thumb" development

Built Form and Mass Create interesting built form and mass
  • Adopt innovative built form to establish an unique identity and character for a development

  • Create diversity and variety in building mass to enhance visual interest

Disposition of Blocks / Houses Choose a suitable location for blocks / houses to enhance privacy of residents and to minimise the negative visual, noise and air quality impacts
  • Arrange disposition of building blocks / houses to avoid negative environmental impacts

  • Orientate building blocks / houses to maximise privacy to residents

  • Avoid "island sites" surrounded by roads

  • Maximise residents' views without adversely affect public views

  • Position building blocks / houses away from nuisance and bad neighbouring uses

  • Consider micro-climatic effects

Pedestrian Circulation Create an efficient, comfortable, safe, and convenient pedestrian circulation system throughout the neighbourhood
  • Design with pedestrian priority

  • Provide separated pedestrian routes

  • Encourage at-grade pedestrian movement

  • Provide "movement corridors" through development, e.g. pedestrian movement at podium level

  • Improve micro-climate for pedestrian comfort 

  • Ensure easy and direct access to public transport node

  • Enhance street and neighbourhood surveillance for safe environment

  • Provide landscaped pavements 

  • Provide suitable street furniture

  • Incorporate provisions for disabled persons circulation 

  • Promote pedestrian linkages to urban fringe / rural areas

Vehicular Circulation Create an efficient vehicular circulation system with minimal negative impact on pedestrian circulation
  • Keep private vehicles to the periphery of the development

  • Provide public transport facilities to minimise vehicles movement within the development

  • Ensure the provision of emergency vehicular access

  • Provide buffer against road noise

  • Avoid through traffic

  • Avoid deep penetration of roads

  • Ensure legibility for motorists

  • Reduce vehicle speeds within development by provision of speed bump, traffic calming measures, etc.

  • Consider pedestrian safety

Parking Provision Provide adequate and easily accessible parking facilities for residents' vehicles
  • Provide adequate parking

  • Discourage on-street parking

  • Create active edge for the facade of parking structure and disguise monotonous elevation

  • Provide parking for disabled persons

Open Space /
G/IC facilities
Provide open space and G/IC facilities which are usable, accessible and valuable to residents
  • Meet the necessary open space and G/IC facilities requirements

  • Maximise accessibility and usability of open space

  • Fully utilise podium for open space uses

  • Encourage linkages to urban fringe and rural areas

Negative Impact Minimise negative impacts on surrounding natural environment  Impact on mountains:
  • Avoid adverse visual impact on hillsides with provision of more greening within developments

  • Use subtle colour on elevations to avoid sharp contrast with natural backdrops 

  • Screen with landscaping

  • Minimise adverse visual impact of stilted structures

Impact on waterfront:

  • Avoid negative visual impact on waterfront by variation in height and massing

  • Provide public access to waterfront

  • Respect sensitive waterfront amenity

Impact on natural setting:

  • Connect landscape features to natural surroundings

  • Consider more flexibility in architectural designs

  • Provide tree planting to minimise building impact

Environmentally sensitive neighbourhood:

  • Provide buffers between the development and sites of special scientific interest

Impact on adjacent rural areas: 

  • Protect character of adjacent village

  • Protect farmland and fish ponds

  • Leave adequate buffer between the development and adjacent developments

  • Respect local history and culture

  • Avoiding large scale development mass

  • Respect site context such as minimising slope cutting and clearance of natural vegetation

Identity Create a recognisable identity 
  • Create a focal point of the development

  • Adopt innovative building design or architectural imagery to establish a distinctive image for the development 

  • Develop activity node

Neighbourhood Community Establish self-contained neighbourhoods and communities to encourage residents' civic pride and sense of belonging
  • Create a distinct neighbourhood identity 

  • Define entrance and focal point

  • Create a sense of belonging in the layout planning for residents

Pattern Respect topographical / landscape setting and the harmony of the village layout
  • Respond to existing layout patterns

  • Respect the massing, style, colour and form of historic village in redevelopment. 

  • Avoid infill development with incompatible architectural style in indigenous village core.

Neighbourhood Focus Create a focus for village and enhance its individual identity
  • Define entrance to village

  • Accentuate focus to village

  • Encourage historical and cultural awareness

  • Consider landscape and visual issues 

  • Screen refuse collection point with landscape

Pedestrian and Vehicular Circulation Provide efficient pedestrian and vehicular circulation systems suitable for the village setting
  • Keep provision of road infrastructure to minimum and preserve village character and context as far as possible

  • Locate carpark at entrance which can be designed as a village focus

Village Character Preserve historical and cultural characteristics of indigenous villages
  • Perceive village as an entity and maintain the cohesive quality for the village

  • Preserve unique character and features

  • Maintain richness of design details of traditional houses

Note: As villages vary with location, context, age, history, etc., each design solution should look at the specific context and individual problems. 


  dotted line
    Last revision date :August 2006