Appendix 6.1 : Principal Framework for Waste Management


A Policy Framework for the Management of Municipal Solid Waste 2005 - 2014 (Policy Framework), which adopts the “polluter-pays" principle, sets out a comprehensive framework for managing waste in Hong Kong.


The Policy Framework is based on a three-tier approach in the waste hierarchy, which involves, in descending order of priority:

  • avoidance and minimization ;

  • reuse, recovery and recycling; and

  • bulk reduction and disposal.


The first priority - avoidance and minimization - is to address the problem at source and to encourage people to reduce waste generation as much as possible. The next priority is to maximize the reuse, recovery and recycling of suitable recyclable. When all the possibilities of waste avoidance, minimization and recycling have been exhausted, we must properly treat and reduce the bulk of waste requiring final disposal through appropriate treatment technologies. Landfill disposal is the last resort only for the residual waste after waste treatment. 


The Waste Disposal Ordinance (WDO) stipulates the preparation of a statutory Waste Disposal Plan which provides for long-term planning of waste management provisions and facilities. The Waste Disposal Plan sets out the framework for the disposal of municipal solid waste at three strategic landfills in the remote New Territories, served by a network of transfer facilities built close to major centres of population. 


Provisions under the WDO to control livestock waste were introduced in 1987. Under these provisions, livestock keeping is prohibited in urban areas and new towns, and the disposal of livestock waste is controlled in the remainder of the territory. The demarcation of Prohibition and Control Areas is shown in Figure 6.4.


Regulations for chemical waste control were introduced in 1992 to control the handling, collection, treatment and disposal of chemical wastes. In association with this new regulatory programme, a Chemical Waste Treatment Centre is set up in Tsing Yi.


It is intended to amend the WDO to extend the licensing requirements to cover all types of waste treatment and disposal facilities, including those operated by Government.

Waste Reception/Transfer Facilities and Uses with Special Requirements for Waste Management


Waste Reception and Transfer Facilities

  • Waste handling facilities in building development

  • Refuse collection points

  • Refuse transfer stations

  • Construction waste management facilities


Industries with Special Requirements for Waste Management

Offensive Trades - as declared under the Public Health and Municipal Services Ordinance, Section 48. The Authority may by notification in the Gazette declare to be an offensive trade any trade, business, process or manufacture which, in the opinion of the Authority, causes offensive or noxious effluvia or dust or its otherwise of an offensive or harmful nature or which involves the slaughtering of animals or birds. A schedule of offensive trades is shown in Appendix 6.2.


Community Facilities with Special Requirements for Waste Management

  • Slaughterhouses

  • Hospitals/clinics

  • Markets

  • Cooked Food Stalls

back to previous page

  dotted line
   Last revision date : May 2014